Umm-Al-Qura calendar

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar, meaning it holds great significance in the lives of Muslims globally. Remembrance, spirituality, and reflection are all aspects that are held in high regard during this month, and these are signified via charitable acts, special prayers, and Muharram fasting. Muharram is a month of many historical Islamic events, including the martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) grandson, Imam Hussein, and his companions in the Battle of Karbala. As a result, it’s clear to see that Muharram is an important month, and the significance of such is further explored below.

What is Muharram?

As previously mentioned, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar. Not only is it the first, but it’s also one of the four sacred Islamic months, in addition to Dhul Qadah, Dhul Hijjah, and Rajab.

The Islamic Calendar is made up of 12 months, each of which consists of 29 or 30 days. Since it follows the lunar schedule, the time at which the months fall all depends on the moon. Occasionally, the Islamic Calendar will also be referred to as the Hijri Calendar and is 10-12 days shorter than the Gregorian Calendar, which is determined by the sun. The name Hijri comes from the migration (Hijra) of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE, which marked the beginning of the Islamic Calendar.

When is Muharram 2024?

Since the dates of Muharram change on a yearly basis and it’s all dependent on the moon sighting, we can’t say with certainty exactly when Muharram is set to fall. Despite this, it’s likely that Muharram 2024 will begin on Saturday, 6 July and end on Monday, 5 August. Of course, this is subject to change and will become clearer as we get closer to the time.

What Happens on 10th Muharram?

Perhaps one of the most important days during Muharram is the 10th one, which is otherwise known as the Day of Ashura. This was when the Battle of Karbala took place in 680 CE, during the caliphate of Yazid, which led to the martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his companions.

Each year, the Day of Ashura is observed as a day of reflection and fasting. During this time, Muslims should work to remember the importance of justice, righteousness, and standing up against tyranny, which is exactly what was exhibited by Imam Hussein.

Should Muslims be Fasting for Muharram?

While fasting is by no means compulsory during Muharram, it’s recommended for Muslims to do so on the ninth and 10th days of the month. This comes from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), in which Muslims are encouraged to fast on the Day of Ashura to seek forgiveness for the sins of the previous year.

Fasting during this time is perceived as a means of spiritual purification, as well as a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who stood for truth and justice. After all, fasting encourages individuals to self-reflect, express gratitude, and seek Allah’s (SWT) forgiveness.

What Good Deeds Should Muslims Do During Muharram?

Muslims are encouraged to carry out good deeds all year round; however, with Muharram being a sacred month, it’s even more important to prioritise good deeds during this time. Listed below are just some of the good deeds that Muslims might engage in during Muharram:

Increased prayer: During Muharram, it’s recommended that Muslims perform additional acts of worship, including the recitation of the Qur’an and voluntary prayers. From this, a person’s faith and connection to Allah (SWT) can be strengthened.

Seeking forgiveness: Seeking Allah’s (SWT) forgiveness for sins is common during Muharram, as a sacred month is the ideal time to focus on self-purification and spiritual growth.

Acts of kindness: It's important that Muslims express kindness all year round; however, it’s particularly vital during the sacred months. Therefore, during Muharram, Muslims might visit the sick, help those in need, and generally be more generous.

Reflecting on justice and sacrifice: This is inspired by the events of Karbala, and Muslims are encouraged to use this history to influence their present and future.

How Important is Charity During Muharram?

It doesn’t matter what time of year it is; charity holds great importance in Islam. Despite this, as Muharram is a sacred month, all rewards that are obtained from good deeds are multiplied.

All year round, Muslims have a duty to purify their wealth, and the way to do this is by giving to charity. This is because it shows compassion for those who are less fortunate and emphasises that no one is more deserving of wealth than anyone else.

Feeding the hungry and supporting orphans are just some of the charitable causes that Muslims are expected to carry out. Here at UKIM, we can help you fulfill your Islamic duties this Muharram. We have established a number of charitable appeals that allow you to help those in need across the globe. So, we ask you to express generosity this Muharram and donate today.

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