There are two main, equally important, Eid celebrations within the Islamic calendar: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. Eid ul-Fitr commences at the end of Ramadan and is a festival that celebrates the breaking of the fast. Eid ul-Adha begins following the annual Hajj pilgrimage and celebrates the devotion of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to Allah (SWT).
The Islamic calendar follows a lunar cycle, and as such, UK dates for key festivals like Eid ul-Fitr rotate by approximately 10 days each year and are subject to the official moon sighting. You can find the Eid dates for 2023 below.
Eid ul-Fitr begins at the end of Ramadan on the first day of Shawwal.
Here in the UK, it is expected that Eid ul-Fitr 2023 will start in the evening of Monday 2nd May after Ramadan and will conclude in the evening of Tuesday 3rd May. Please note, all dates are subject to the official moon sighting. To learn the exact dates and times of Eid ul-Fitr 2023, please consult your local imam.
Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr at the end of the month of Ramadan, traditionally over the first three days of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic calendar. The festival marks the end of Ramadan during which Muslims around the world fast for a full month. Fasting is prohibited during Eid ul-Fitr and family, friends, loved ones and the local community all come together to rejoice, enjoy good food and exchange gifts.
In Arabic, Eid ul-Fitr translates to “Festival of Breaking the Fast” and is a very important date in the Islamic Calendar. Throughout the blessed month of Ramadan, Muslims around the world fast between the hours of sunrise and sunset, abstaining from food, drink, smoking, chewing gum, impure thoughts and actions. The month is spent connecting spiritually with Allah (SWT) through prayer, worship and studying the Qur’an.
In celebration of a successful Ramadan, the festival of Eid ul-Fitr is a time for enjoying food and spending time with loved ones, family and friends. Fasting is not permitted during Eid ul-Fitr.
All Muslims look forward to and enjoy the celebration of Eid ul Fitr. While it is a time for food and festivities with loved ones, there are also important acts that must take place, in accordance with Islamic teachings.
Firstly, the dawn prayer – Fajr – is performed, followed by ritual cleansing or ablution – ghusl – as a means of purifying the body. After this, the whole family prepares for the day ahead.
DURING THE CELEBRATIONS
Traditionally, people wear new clothes although some simply opt for their finest outfit instead. During this time of celebration, a usual Eid greeting is ‘Eid Mubarak’, meaning to wish someone a blessed Eid. The family then heads to the local mosque for congregational worship and to pay Zakat ul-Fitr, also known as Fitrana. This is obligatory for all Muslims, regardless of age, but the head of the household can make payments on behalf of dependants. Eid ul-Fitr charity donations must be paid before Eid prayers, as these are distributed amongst the neediest to ensure that they can join in the Eid celebrations.
Once the communal celebrations are over, families and their loved ones’ head home for a celebratory feast together and traditionally, gifts or money are given, especially to children and the younger family members.
The festival of Eid ul-Fitr is a very happy time of year for Muslims and although it is for family, friends and loved ones, it is also about ensuring the wider community are able to enjoy the festivities too. UK Islamic Mission works to ensure that our less fortunate Muslim brothers and sisters can also enjoy a blessed Eid ul-Fitr. Charity is one of the greatest, and most powerful, gifts that you can give.
If you are looking to pay your Zakat or make Fitrana donations to help your brothers and sisters around the world, please do so with UK Islamic Mission this year. May Allah (SWT) accept it from us, Ameen.
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