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If you are unable to fast during Ramadan, or deliberately miss a fast, then you need to make up for this at a later date.

For those that are unable to fast for a valid reason, including illness, travel or because of medication, then Fidya must be paid. For those that deliberately miss a fast, you can make up for this with a continuous 60-day fast or feed 60 poor and needy people.

Both Fidya and Kaffarah are compulsory payments for all Muslims who are eligible to take part in fasting during Ramadan:

  • Pay Fidya if you were unable to fast for a valid reason
  • Pay Kaffarah if you have deliberately missed a fast

Fidya 2020

WHAT IS FIDYA?

Fidya is an obligatory penalty that must be paid to make up for missing a fast during the holy month of Ramadan. Fidya is due if you are unable to complete a fast because of a valid reason, such as: medical conditions, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and travelling. You must pay Fidya for not fasting.

HOW MUCH IS FIDYA FOR RAMADAN 2020?

The Fidya amount in 2020 will be confirmed closer to the start of Ramadan, however, it is likely to be less than £5. This cost covers the amount needed to provide one person with two meals for one full day. If you are unable to fast for the full duration of Ramadan, then the total Fidya you must pay is 30 x the cost.

For example, if Fidya was £4, then the full Fidya due would be £120.


Kaffarah 2020

WHAT IS KAFFARAH

Kaffarah is an obligatory penalty that must be paid for deliberately missing a fast during the holy month of Ramadan, without a valid reason. If you have a valid reason, then you must pay Fidya. The kaffarah penalty is much higher than that of Fidya and should be avoided where possible.

HOW MUCH IS KAFFARAH FOR BREAKING FAST?

If you break fast and are liable to pay Kaffarah, then you must make this up by either fasting for 60 continuous days or feeding 60 people in need, at the daily Fidya rate per person. For example, if Fidya is £4 per day, then to cover the cost of feeding 60 people you must pay £240.


Fidya and Kaffarah Frequently Asked Questions

WHAT IF I AM UNABLE TO FAST?

If you are unable to fast due to your age or a medical condition, then a 60-day continuous fast may not an option. This is a situation where you would make Fidya payments of £4 per missed day – though this can be completed in a single bulk payment if you know you will be missing multiple days.

WHAT IF I AM SICK DURING RAMADAN?

If you are legitimately sick and have been advised against fasting by a medical professional, missing your fast can be repaid in the form of £4 Fidya payments per missed day. On the other hand, if you are sick but still capable of fasting safely and choose not to, you will have to pay Kaffarah by completing 60 days of continuous fast or donating funds to feed 60 people in need per missed fast.

WHEN DO I START MY KAFFARAH?

If you begin your Kaffarah on the first day of the Islamic month, then fasting continuously for two full Islamic months will suffice for the Kaffarah. This applies even if the total number of days in the two months equals 58 days (in the case of 29-day months).

ARE THERE ANY EXCEPTIONS FOR KAFFARAH?

The only exceptions for Kaffarah are valid medical reasons, such as medical conditions, pregnancy, breastfeeding or travelling. Any woman that deliberately misses a fast and chooses a continuous 60-day fast to make it up is allowed to postpone fasting days for menstruation, however, this is the only interruption allowed.

WHY DO WE HAVE TO PAY FIDYA OR KAFFARAH?

Fasting during Ramadan is an obligation on all able Muslims and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, along with faith, prayer, alms (charity giving) and pilgrimage. Abstaining between the hours of sunrise and sunset allows for a period of spiritual reflection and improvement of the self as well as the practising self-discipline and control.

During this time, Muslims are able to develop a closer relationship with Allah (SWT) and feel more connected with both family and Islam.

By missing one of these fundamental aspects of Islam, whether with a valid reason or not, Muslims are obligated to pay Kaffarah or Fidya. Charity, as well as compulsory payments like these, emphasise just what an important aspect of Islam the holy month of Ramadan is.

HOW IS FIDYA CALCULATED?

The cost of Fidya is calculated based on the cost of feeding a person two meals per day of wheat, rice or other local staple crop where the donor resides. Each meal consists of one ‘mudd’ (1/4 sa’) – this is measured to be the amount of crop which one can hold in two hands cupped together (approximately 0.75 of a litre).  Based on this method, in the UK the current Fidya price is £4 per person per day, although prices may change for Ramadan 2020.

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This year, UK Islamic Mission will continue to reach out to support Kaffara and Fidya, make your donation and get involved.

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