The Prophet (PBUH) enjoined the payment of one Sa' of dates or one Sa' of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the Eid prayer." (One Sa' = 3 Kilograms approx.)
What is Fitrana?
Zakat-ul-Fitr (Fitrana) is a compulsory act of charity that Muslims must pay at the end of Ramadan. The purpose of this payment is to allow those in poverty to take part in Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations. Zakat-ul-Fitr is often mistaken for Zakat al-Mal, especially by those new to the Muslim community, but they are two completely different payments.
Zakat al-Mal, often referred to simply as “Zakat” although Fitrana is also a type of Zakat, is an obligatory payment that should be made once a Muslim’s personal wealth exceeds the nisab threshold. Zakat-ul-Fitr, however, should be paid by all Muslims during the month of Ramadan.
When Should You Pay Fitrana?
Zakat-ul-Fitr must be paid before Eid prayers commence to allow it to reach those who need it in time. The exact time depends on the moon sighting as Eid celebrations are directly tied to the lunar month. In 2023, UK Fitrana payments will likely need to be made before the evening moon sighting on Thursday 20th April, though this may change subject to the official sighting of the moon.
Fitrana can be paid at any point during Ramadan, although many Muslims choose to make this obligatory payment on the 27th night of the month, which many believe to be the most likely time of Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power). The reason why Muslims strive to donate in Laylat al-Qadr is that it is considered to be better than a thousand months, bringing multiplied rewards and blessings to the person donating. Any of the odd-numbered nights in the last 10 could be the Night of Power due to the existence of authentic sayings of the Prophet (PBUH) which support this notion.
Therefore, UK Islamic Mission allows our supporters to spread their donation across the last 10 nights of Ramadan, ensuring that you will receive the multiplied rewards and blessings that come with making your payment on the Night of Power.
Who Should Pay Zakat-ul-Fitr?
Every Muslim must pay Zakat-ul-Fitr, regardless of age, if they have food in their possession which is in excess of their own needs. The head of the household may make the family’s payment on behalf of their dependents, but a contribution must be made by or for each member of the home. This means that if you are unable to make the payment yourself for whatever reason, you can ask the head of your household (assuming this is not yourself) to pay your Fitrana.
Who Receives Fitrana?
Fitrana is for the poorest people, who are struggling every day to feed themselves and their family. UKIM uses your Fitrana donations to distribute food on your behalf amongst those most in need. This helps those living in even the most desperate of conditions to join in the Eid festivities.
How Much is Zakat-ul-Fitr 2023 in the UK?
The Zakat-ul-Fitr amount is based upon the current price of staple foods such as rice or flour for a specified weight. Currently, this means Fitrana is equal to approximately £5 per person – confirmation will be given closer to the time.