The ten days of Dhul Hijjah
The ten days of Dhul Hijjah also include the day of Nahr (Qurbani), the greatest day of the whole year, and the greatest day of Arafah, the day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.
It is Sunnah to fast on the day of Arafah, the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah. In fact, fasting on this day will expiate the sins of two whole years.
It is Sunnah to say Takbeer during these days:
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, there is no God but Allah, and Allah is the greatest Allah is the greatest, and all praise is for Allah. Men should read these phrases out loud, and women should read them quietly.
One of the good deeds that will bring a Muslim closer to Allah (SWT) during these ten days is Qurbani. By choosing and sacrificing a high-quality livestock animal, and distributing its meat in three equal parts, Muslims are commemorating the sacrifice made by Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and following the wishes of Allah (SWT).
Qurbani is obligatory upon every Muslim, regardless of gender, whose total annual wealth meets or exceeds the Nisab value. It is highly virtuous for one on whom Qurbani is not obligatory to offer sacrifice for the pleasure of Allah (SWT). He will be eligible for all the reward mentioned in the Ahadeeth.
If an individual does not offer Qurbani, they must then give the price of Qurbani as Sadaqah. However, this does not mean that Sadaqah is an alternative to Qurbani.
Distribution of Qurbani
Small livestock animals (sheep and goats) count as one share per animal. Large livestock animals (cattle and camels) are divided into seven shares per animal. This means that the Qurbani of seven individuals is allowed with a single large animal.