On 4th August 2020, Lebanon was a victim of an ammonium nitrate explosion at the port area of their capital city, Beirut. This tragic explosion caused the death of at least 207 people, leaving over 7,500 severely injured.
Over 1 million refugees escaped death in their own country, only to face danger in Beirut’s debris. Due to an already struggling economy and healthcare system, the refugees are not given proper access to housing and healthcare. The Covid-19 pandemic left the country’s hospitals and health institutions already unstable and are in dire need of help, as they are incredibly short on medical supplies to treat patients with and even staff are unable to be paid.
The young refugees have been facing an extremely hard time as well, with an already limited to education even prior to the explosion. Many children have also been orphaned and injured, making their futures very difficult.
Refugees have been struggling to rehabilitate themselves out of this situation, as the government has been unable to support them.
Around a third of the population of Lebanon has been living below the poverty rate. Many have experienced daily power cuts, limited public healthcare, lack of access to clean drinking water, and much more. This means that the Syrian refugees continue to fall under the radar as Lebanon is even unable to help its native citizens.
Fewer jobs are available due to the debt of the country, it is incredibly difficult for native citizens to find employment, let alone refugees. Without access to paid employment, it limits their means of housing, education, and healthcare. This leaves many refugees in poverty, homeless, and seriously unwell.
As mentioned, the Syrian Refugees have fled from Syria due to the ongoing civil war. This displacement has caused many issues between both Lebanese and Syrian people, causing tension to arise. Syrian refugees have been facing ongoing discrimination by the wider community. The struggling state of the country has led to many refugees being left undocumented and many other situations occurring upon them.
Like Lebanese children, Syrian children are forced into working due to circumstances to earn money to feed their families. At young ages, they must endure backbreaking work to provide a small income. Incomes in Lebanon have plummeted downwards amid the Lebanese economic collapse. Over 77% of households within Lebanon have declared that they do not have enough food to feed themselves and their families.